Ethnology — ethnography is the science which studies human races, societies, customs, religion, all types of economy, houses and settlements, folk costumes, food, folk medicine, development of art and science, i.e. the overall material and spiritual culture of a people.
In 1899 members of the Historical Society in Sombor started to collect ethnographic object remarking that they were disappearing. Significant collective work was organised in 1907 and 1909 during which photos were taken (drawing were made as well) in Šokac and Serbian villages. In 1936 Đorđe Antić, a pharmacist from Sombor, revived the collection of ethnographic objects, sorted out the collections and purchased the most valuable folk costumes with his own money. He also gave 350 objects to the museum. The bulk of this treasure disappeared during the World War II. After the liberation the ethnographic collections were transferred to the present–day Museum building. They were supplemented mostly owing to two custodian Sofija Dimitrijević and Katarina Osvald Kupusarević. The Department of ethnology contains about 5.000 objects. It has the collections of: folk costumes, textiles, spinning and weaving implements, rugs and crude rugs, furniture, pottery, agricultural devices, various handicraft tools, cattle breeding equipment and objects, fishing tools, bee–keeping, pastry moulds, decorated Easter eggs, icons on glass, flasks and gourds, fragments of woodcut, folk musical instruments etc. In 1992 a collection about the settlers, who came here in the period between the Second World War and the present time, was formed. In the course of the last 10 years the department of Ethnography has been presented with more than 660 objects.
Since 2003 original objects, photographs, drawings and an ethnologyc map have been on permanent display in the Department of Ethnography. The articles concerning the economy od Sombor and its surrounding area are in the first hall, whereas the folk costumes, weaving and spinning machines, furniture, pastry moulds, Easter eggs etc. are in the second.